Vulnerability Assessment is the process of analyzing vulnerabilities in IT systems. Its goal is to detect the system’s flaws before hackers may exploit them. It is the process of finding risks and vulnerabilities in computer systems, networks, hardware, applications, and other aspects of the IT ecosystem.
It is the testing process used to define, identify, classify, prioritize vulnerabilities in computer systems, applications and network infrastructures. Moreover it assigns severity levels to as many security defects as possible in a given timeframe.
Vulnerability assessments help organizations recognize and respond to threats by providing them with the information, awareness, and the risk backgrounds. The goal of a vulnerability assessment is to identify threats and the risks they entail. They usually involve the use of automated testing tools like network security scanners, the results of which are documented in a vulnerability assessment report.
Vulnerability assessments can assist organizations of any size, as well as people who are at the risk of cyber-attacks. But it will be most beneficial for the major enterprises as well as for the other types of organizations that are frequently vulnerable to attacks.